While at first it seems to be a massive radar installation, the Scorcher was, from the beginning, created as a massive mind-altering antenna, designed to suppress aggression (codenamed Rainbow). Its design was created in Lab X-8, in Pripyat.
After the Soviet Union's dissolution, the Group continued the research started in X8 and adapted the installation at the Scorcher, most importantly, the Lab X-19 located in an old bunker underneath the facility.
When the Zone was created, the Scorcher was activated by the Common Consciousness in order to obstruct the way into the center of the Zone. The psi-emissions generated by the installation were effective at mind controlling trespassers and subjecting them to the will of the collective, creating mindless zombified stalkers out of some and raw recruits for the Monolith faction.
While the majority of Stalkers who came too close to the Brain Scorcher became zombies, a group of Stalkers, also known as Strelok's Group were able to slip past the Brain Scorcher, most likely with the help of Guide and reach the center of the Zone. The Path to the Scorcher and the installation itself was heavily guarded by the fanatical Monolith.
In Clear Sky, Strelok takes the prototype of psi-protection helmet from scientists, and reaches the CNPP without deactivating the Brain Scorcher.
In Shadow of Chernobyl, Strelok, using the psi-protection helmet given to him by Professor Sakharov, shut the Scorcher down. After the Brain Scorcher was deactivated, word spread quickly and many Stalkers of different factions, started to move to the center of the Zone, under the presumptions that there was a Wish-Granter or a treasure trove of artifacts waiting there.
The controls to the Brain Scorcher were installed deep within Lab X-19, an old Soviet bunker filled with many generators and other machinery.
Members of the Monolith faction are deployed on all of the roads in the Red Forest. They wear durable body armor and equip decent assault rifles. There are also several snipers and RPG emplacements. The scenic route is another option, however it is highly contaminated with radiation and anomalies, and it is filled with powerful mutants and Zombified Stalkers.
The entrance to the lab is hidden in a very large and well defended base. The base has only two entrances; the road to the main entrance is guarded by a single Monolith sniper. The other entrance is a blown out wall surrounded by radiation levels that are off the charts. Both entrances are guarded, and all areas around the base are monitored by snipers. Sneaking in is rather difficult, and going guns blazing isn't easy either.
If the player has a NATO gun and is low on ammo, is low on medkits or needs grenades, there is a door with a keypad in the room immediately following going down the stairs. The combination for the door is 342089. Inside is a cache of supplies, and it is indicated in one of the "Found PDA" entries in the diary of the player's PDA that these were supplies intended for Monolith soldiers.
The giant antenna structure for the Brain Scorcher was inspired by the Russian Woodpecker, a former Soviet military over-the-horizon radar system designated Duga-3 (NATO reporting name 'Steel Yard'). The facility was part of the Soviet ABM early-warning network and consisted of a gigantic radar array as well as a large nuclear bunker reaching several levels below ground.
In addition to the rumor, caused by the secrecy around the facility, that the facility was the real cause of the Chernobyl disaster, the BBC documentary The Mysterious Mr. Tesla speculated that the Duga-3 installation could in fact be a Soviet mind-control transmitter, imposing on people's ability to think rationally and stay calm.
- ↑ S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat: A model of the Scorcher, marked Подавитель Агрессии "Радуга" – "Rainbow" Aggression Suppressor along with is documentation is present in the X8 lab